When you write, it is helpful to understand how you arrange the information. The way an article, passage, or book is organized is called its text structure. There are a number of ways in which writers can organize information.
Chronological order is the order, or sequence, in which events happen. History texts are often written using chronology. Keywords such as first, then, next, after, and finally help you keep track of events. The dates not only help you to understand the sequence, but also how much time passed between each event
Compare and Contrast
When you compare, you show how things are alike. When you contrast, you show how things are different. Keywords alike, both, but, and different help to understand the similarities and difference between words, places, or things. Other keywords you may see are like, unlike, while, either, same, although, and opposite.
Cause and Effect
A cause is why something happens. An effect is what happens as a result of a cause. For example, if you accidentally drop a glass and it falls to the floor, the glass will break. The cause is dropping the glass. The effect is the glass breaking. Look for keywords such as why, cause, because, therefore, as a result, and effect.
Problem and Solution
Problem and Solution is a text structure in which the problem, or issue, is presented first. Then, the writer tells how the problem was solved.