A to E
adage a statement that contains some kind of truth about human nature.
adjective a word that describes a person, place, or thing.
adverb a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
affix a prefix or suffix that is added to a root word.
agree to match in gender (male, female, or neither) and number (singular or plural).
allusion a reference to a person or event from literature, history, or mythology.
antecedent the word a pronoun replaces.
antonym a word that means the opposite of another word.
apostrophe a punctuation mark used to create a contraction or a possessive noun.
argument a written piece that states and defends an opinion.
bibliography an organized list of resources used to write an article or report.
capitalization using capital (or uppercase) letters where necessary.
cast of characters a list of characters who appear in a play.
cause a reason why something is happening.
character the main actor in a story. They can be people, animals, or other creature.
character trait a quality possessed by a character.
chart a graphic aid that uses columns and rows to organize information.
chronological order the sequence in which events happen.
claim a statement that something–an idea, event, or observation–is true.
climax the part of a story where the conflict reaches its most exciting point.
colon a punctuation mark used to introduce a list or an explanation in a sentence.
comma a punctuation mark used to show a pause in a sentence or to connect ideas.
compare to examine and consider the similarities between two or more objects, ideas, or people.
complete sentence a sentence that contains both a subject and a verb.
complex sentence a sentence made up of two sentences: one that can stand on its own and one that cannot.